دستورات mkdir , rm
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در اینجا به بررسی دستور mkdir و rm می پردازیم .

 

 


NAME
       rm – remove files or directories

SYNOPSIS
       rm [OPTION]… FILE…

DESCRIPTION
       This manual page documents the GNU version of rm.  rm removes each specified file.  By default, it does not remove directories.

       If  the -I or –interactive=once option is given, and there are more than three files or the -r, -R, or –recursive are given, then rm prompts the
       user for whether to proceed with the entire operation.  If the response is not affirmative, the entire command is aborted.

       Otherwise, if a file is unwritable, standard input is a terminal, and the -f or –force option is not given, or  the  -i  or  –interactive=always
       option is given, rm prompts the user for whether to remove the file.  If the response is not affirmative, the file is skipped.

OPTIONS
       Remove (unlink) the FILE(s).

       -f, –force
              ignore nonexistent files, never prompt

       -i     prompt before every removal

       -I     prompt  once  before  removing  more than three files, or when removing recursively.  Less intrusive than -i, while still giving protection
              against most mistakes

       –interactive[=WHEN]
              prompt according to WHEN: never, once (-I), or always (-i).  Without WHEN, prompt always

       –one-file-system
              when removing a hierarchy recursively, skip any directory that is on a file system different from that of the  corresponding  command  line
              argument

       –no-preserve-root
              do not treat `/' specially

       –preserve-root
              do not remove `/' (default)

       -r, -R, –recursive
              remove directories and their contents recursively

       -v, –verbose
              explain what is being done

       –help display this help and exit

       –version
              output version information and exit

       By  default,  rm  does  not remove directories.  Use the –recursive (-r or -R) option to remove each listed directory, too, along with all of its
       contents.

       To remove a file whose name starts with a `-', for example `-foo', use one of these commands:

              rm — -foo

              rm ./-foo

       Note that if you use rm to remove a file, it might be possible to recover some of its contents,  given  sufficient  expertise  and/or  time.   For
       greater assurance that the contents are truly unrecoverable, consider using shred.

AUTHOR
       Written by Paul Rubin, David MacKenzie, Richard M. Stallman, and Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report rm bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
       Report rm translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright © 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       unlink(1), unlink(2), chattr(1), shred(1)

       The full documentation for rm is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and rm programs are properly installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'rm invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

 

GNU coreutils 8.5                                                       April 2010                                                                  RM(1)



NAME
       mkdir – make directories

SYNOPSIS
       mkdir [OPTION]… DIRECTORY…

DESCRIPTION
       Create the DIRECTORY(ies), if they do not already exist.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       -m, –mode=MODE
              set file mode (as in chmod), not a=rwx – umask

       -p, –parents
              no error if existing, make parent directories as needed

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